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Showing posts with label Psychologists. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Psychologists. Show all posts

Oct 13, 2018

Psychologists Found That Talking To Yourself Could Be A Sign Of Higher Intelligence

Sometimes, talking to yourself, particularly if you use your own name in the conversation can be embarrassing. It may also make you look like you’re hallucinating since the whole purpose of talking out loud is to communicate with other people.

In fact, we all talk to ourselves silently every once in a while. It’s actually healthy, playing an important role in keeping your mind fit. It may help you plan actions, organise your thoughts, modulate emotions and consolidate memory. This means that it may help you control yourself.

Talking to yourself out loud could be an extension of this inner talk, triggered when a particular motor command is stimulated involuntarily.

The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology published a study that showed talking to yourself could enable your brain to function more effectively at recognizing objects. It could also help you stimulate your brain’s memory centers.

In addition, saying the name of an object you are looking for out loud could enable your brain’s memory sensors to work optimally. On the other hand, in case you do not know the name of the object you are looking for, you could end up more confused.

That’s not all, researchers at Bangor University in the United Kingdom confirmed that talking to yourself out loud isn’t only useful but it could also suggest a higher level of intelligence.
Furthermore, the participants received written instructions to either read them silently or out loud. Researchers measured the participants’ concentration as well as how they performed on tasks and found that those who read it out loud were more concentrated and memorized almost everything they read.

According to Dr. Paloma Mari-Beffa, a psychologist and co-author of the study, the benefits could come from just hearing yourself, because auditory commands are better controllers of behavior compared to written ones.

She views talking to yourself out loud as an extension of your inner silent talk that has been proven to help you organize your emotions, memories and thoughts, and even plan actions.

A Great Psychologist’s Test: Which Door Are You Afraid to Enter?

“The cave you are scared to enter contains the treasure you are looking for”– said Joseph Campbell, an American historian and writer, who has also researched human psychology. His psychological theory is based on the fact that if a person wants to conquer their fears, the person must be happy.
Another psychologist who agrees with Campbell’s theory is Clifford N. Lazarus. He believes that people create their own barriers, and this stops them from expressing themselves completely. His advice on happiness is to take risks and face our fears.
If you want to take a better look into your own personality and barriers, look at these photos and decide which one frightens you the most:

1. Abandoned house

You’re a very intelligent and analytical person, and you don’t mind seeing things as they are. Your values are what’s most important to you, and you expect others to think the same. The wall covered in wallpaper indicates that you have raised emotional and spiritual walls, and this makes you hard to reach out to. But the light is a sign that you’re willing to take down these walls, at least for a few close, but real friends. The treasure you’re seeking is emotional satisfaction, and what you need is to connect with someone emotionally, not just intellectually.

2. Staircase

Stairs leading to a cellar or attic show that you’re free and like enjoying life. This image symbolizes the fear of being buried, i.e. your fear of death and not knowing what’s coming. The treasure you seek is good health, so you need to eat well, exercise and take care of yourself. You overthink, but you love life, you love yourself and you’ll surely find your treasure.

3. Cave

If you chose the ice cave, it’s probably because you’ve spent a long time searching for emotional warmth. You’re afraid of feelings like sorrow and disappointment, and prefer to stay alone. But, it also means that you’re probably living a beautiful period of your life, you know what you want and what makes you happy. You’re a person with great values, and you appreciate independence and freedom. The treasure you’re searching for is love, both romantic and platonic.

4. Wooden cabin

The decrepit house is your worst nightmare. You’re a generous person and you always look out for others. You’re loyal and honest, but not everyone appreciates it. A house is a symbol of love and security, so to see it in ruins means bankruptcy. The fear of a house means the treasure you want is wealth. You know that to get it, you’re going to have to work hard. But, you mustn’t forget that the people you love don’t really need the material objects, but your love and support.

5. Dark tunnel

Being scared to enter a tunnel means that you need to examine your emotions. You’re smart and emotional. The water indicates that your mind need clearing up, so as to better see and understand your thoughts. You need to stop worrying about the problems, and start seeking for a solution. The treasure you look for is confidence, and to solve your problems you need to express your feelings. You must remember that at the end of the tunnel, things are much clearer.

6. Chained door

The blue door with chains means a couple of things: the color blue is the color of the sky, and it symbolizes stability. You’re productive and you achieve the difficult goals you set. You’re creative and very good at solving problems, because you’re a good leader and you do your best. The treasure you seek out is comfort. You mustn’t devote yourself to work too much, you have to take a rest and enjoy the simpler things in life.
Source: Daily Occupation

Oct 12, 2018

Psychologists Say There Are 9 Different Kinds Of Intelligence. You’re Smarter Than You Think.

If you’re a psychologist, professor, and researcher at one of the world’s most prestigious universities then you’re likely very intelligent. Howard Gardner is all of that and happens to work at Harvard University’s Graduate School of Education where he studies, of all things, intelligence. Over the years he’s done brain research and interviewed all sorts of people, from geniuses and prodigies to victims of stroke and those with autism.
His work eventually led him to develop the theory of Multiple Intelligences (MI Theory for short) which challenged traditional beliefs and definitions concerning what intelligence means.

Traditionally, intelligence is viewed as a fixed amount of cognitive capacity that people are born with. It consists of only logic and language abilities, and a person’s intelligence level can’t be changed over their lifetime. Gardner’s MI Theory stands in direct contrast. Instead, he posits that individuals have different amounts, abilities, and unique combinations that can be changed and improved upon throughout their lifetime.
The most distinctive aspect of his theory is that instead of there being only 2 types of intelligence, there are nine. These 9 types directly relate to the various ways in which people interact with the word and environment around them. When Garder’s theory is applied to the classroom level a child’s strongest intelligence is first figured out. Then a teacher can more effectively reach and teach different that child in accordance with their intelligence. The nine intelligences are as follows:

1. Verbal/Linguistic

People who display good reading, writing, speaking, listening, memorization, and other language related skills. Students with these abilities are successful in most classroom settings because traditional teaching methods cater to these strengths.

2. Mathematical/Logical

This type of intelligence has to do with numbers, logic, reasoning, abstract and critical thinking. Those who more easily pick up on the underlying causes and principles of patterns and sequences also do well in traditional teaching settings.

3. Visual/Spatial

People who learn visually and spatially better understand maps, tables, charts, graphs, illustrations, and puzzles. They are often good at art and learn better by seeing things which helps them to understand and grasp concepts.

4. Musical/Rhythmic

People who are sensitive to different aspects of sound tend to learn well through music. They have an ear for tone, rhythm, meter, melody, pitch, and often excel at musical endeavors like singing, composing music and playing instruments. Traditional education doesn’t suit them well.

5. Bodily/Kinesthetic

This area relates to those who learn best through hands on activities like games, building stuff, and moving around. Jobs that require more physical activity are best suited for people with bodily-kinesthetic intelligence and athletes, soldiers, builders, surgeons often display it. Kids who learn this way are often seen as hyper and overactive, they don’t fit well traditional classroom settings.

6. Intrapersonal

People who are self-reflective and inwardly focused on their ideas, values, and feelings are this type of intelligent. From the outside they appear reserved, yet they are very intuitive and have a deep understanding of their own self worth. They learn best by taking information and examining how it relates to themselves.

7. Interpersonal

People who are talkative, outgoing, social, and empathetic learn best in groups or with partners. They are better able to sense others feelings, moods, and motivations and can thus connect more easily and better with people. They often excel at discussions and enjoy long conversations. People with high interpersonal intelligence make good managers, politicians, teachers, and salespeople.

8. Naturalist

This type of intelligence has to do with the natural world and those who see, pick up on, and understand various types of flora and fauna. People who love animals, gardening, and exploring nature, and who can relate information to their natural surroundings, have natural intelligence.

9. Existentialist

This type is related to philosophy. People who are deep thinkers and who question everything about existence are existentially intelligent. They pose questions such as “why are we here” and “what is our purpose” and are related to the possibility of additional types of intelligences that are spiritual or religious oriented.